GRAFTON PARKS & RECREATION BOOKLET • FALL•WINTER•SPRING 2017/2018 40 x One pupil larger than the other x Is drowsy or cannot be awakened x A headache that gets worse x Weakness, numbness, or decreased coordinaƟon x Repeated vomiƟng or nausea Grafton Parks and Recreation Parent/Athlete Concussion Awareness Information A concussion is a type of traumatic brain injury that changes the way the brain normally works. A concussion is caused by a bump, blow, or jolt to the head or body that causes the head and brain to move rapidly back and forth. Even a “ding,” “getting your bell rung,” or what seems to be a mild bump or blow to the head, can be serious. WHAT ARE THE SYMPTOMS OF CONCUSSION? Signs and symptoms of concussion can show up right after the injury or may not appear or be noticed until days or weeks after the injury. If an athlete reports one or more symptoms of concussion listed below after a bump, blow, or jolt to the head or body, s/he should be kept out of play the day of the injury and until a health care professional, experienced in evaluating for concussion, says s/he is symptom-free and it’s ok to return to play. CONCUSSION DANGER SIGNS In rare cases, a dangerous blood clot may form on the brain in a person with a concussion and crowd the brain against the skull. An athlete should receive immediate medical attention if after a bump, blow, or jolt to the head or body s/he exhibits any of the following danger signs: WHY SHOULD AN ATHLETE REPORT THEIR SYMPTOMS? If an athlete has a concussion, his/her brain needs time to heal. While an athlete’s brain is still healing s/he is much more likely to have another concussion. Repeat concussions can increase the time it takes to recover. In rare cases, repeat concussions in young athletes can result in brain swelling or permanent damage to their brain. They can even be fatal. WHAT SHOULD YOU DO IF YOU THINK YOUR ATHLETE HAS A CONCUSSION? If you suspect that an athlete has a concussion, remove the athlete from play and seek medical attention. Do not try to judge the severity of the injury yourself. Keep the athlete out of play the day of the injury and until a health care professional, experienced in evaluating for concussion, says s/he is symptom-free and is ok to return to play. Rest is key to helping an athlete recover from a concussion. Exercising or activities that involve a lot of concentration, such as studying, working on the computer, or playing video games, may cause concussion symptoms to reappear or get worse. After a concussion, returning to sports and school is a gradual process that should be carefully managed and monitored by a health care professional. As a parent and as an athlete it is important to recognize the signs, symptoms, and behaviors of concussions. By signing the registration form you are stating that you understand the importance of recognizing and responding to the signs, symptoms, and behaviors of a concussion or head injury. This form has been reformatted from the Center of Disease Control’s Heads Up Concussion in Youth Sports Program. Please visit www.dcd.gov/concussion/HeadsUp/youth.html for more information. x Convulsions, seizures, or slurred speech x Cannot recognize people or places x Becomes increasingly confused or agitated x Has unusual behavior x Loses consciousness for any amount of Ɵme SIGNS OBSERVED BY COACHING STAFF SYMPTOMS REPORTED BY ATHLETES Appears dazed or stunned Headache or “pressure” in head Is confused about assignment or posiƟon Nausea or vomiƟng Forgets an instrucƟon Balance problems or dizziness Is unsure of game, score, or opponent Double or blurry vision Moves clumsily SensiƟvity to light Answers quesƟons slowly SensiƟvity to noise Loses consciousness (even briefly) Feeling sluggish, hazy, foggy, or groggy Shows mood, behavior, or personality changes ConcentraƟon or memory problems Can’t recall events prior to hit or fall Confusion Can’t recall events aŌer hit or fall Not “feeling right” or “feeling down” CONCUSSION INFORMATION